For developers whose work involves the implementation and control of image sensors, MIPI Alliance’s recently released version of its MIPI Camera Command Set (MIPI CCS℠) enables greater flexibility, faster time to market and supports more advanced capability reporting use cases.
Rapidly emerging automotive technology is generating new demands for common standards in cameras and displays, essential components for both advanced driving assistance, autonomous vehicles and infotainment for years to come. The MIPI Alliance is already addressing these needs through constant improvement of its camera and display specifications, which have evolved from the earliest protocols that MIPI Alliance introduced to help kick-start the smartphone industry more than a decade ago.
Implementers of the most widely used camera interface in mobile and other markets now have a new toolset to support their interoperability and conformance efforts. The MIPI Camera Working Group recently released conformance test suites (CTSs) for the four most recent versions of its MIPI Camera Serial Interface 2 (MIPI CSI-2℠) specification.
One of the challenges we humans have is that our ability to perceive things around us and to make sense of the world relies on abstractions based upon mental constructs. It’s a limited capability. And what we have come to realize is that enabling machines to become aware of our surroundings and act on behalf of our well-being and work for us will dramatically enrich our lives. But this machine intelligence remains limited, too, in no small part because it is blind. Giving sight to machines will enable vision for real-time perception and decision making.
Editor’s note: MIPI CSI-2 over C-PHY, D-PHY and the upcoming A-PHY are end-to-end imaging conduit solutions mapped to mobile, client (e.g., notebooks and all-in-one PCs), IoT and autonomous (e.g., automotive and drone) platforms, and support a broad range of imaging and vision applications. This article highlights automotive-related use cases and capabilities using CSI-2 over D-PHY.
The initial version of MIPI CSI-2SM, released in November 2005, was designed to connect cameras to processors in mobile phones. But like many MIPI specifications, MIPI CSI-2 quickly found its way into other applications and has become the de facto standard for camera interfaces for automotive, drones, augmented/virtual reality (AR/VR) headsets and Internet of Things (IoT) devices.